Carbon Capture, Utilisation and Storage

For a couple of months now, CO2 has been under the spotlight, for two main reasons, that will change the world market of this gas forever.

carbon capture purification liquefaction utilization
- For obvious environmental reasons, many OECD countries decided to lift the CO2 price up in order to stimulate the market. Coupled with coupon systems, it became financially interesting to capture the CO2 from your own system, whenever possible. As a matter of fact, CO2 prices went up by more than 1300% in 4 years (7 EUR/ton in 2018, approx. 100 EUR/ton in 2022).
 
- CO2 is a by-product of industrial ammonia production, which became one of the primary CO2 sources in Europe. But ammonia itself needs natural gas and, given the situation in Europe, some plants simply shut down at least temporarily, if not for good, creating a very tense situation, with possible shortages for some industries and smaller users.

Therefore, the problem is quite simple for countries, regions, public and private economic actors: how to diversify the CO2 production, so as not to be dependent on too few, too ''politicized'' sources and, at the same time, be able to prioritize local and green sources?

The technique called Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage (CCUS or CCU) offers an exciting alternative as well as a solution to the above mentioned problems. It makes it possible, via local both production & use, to free oneself from all economic and political hazards, whatever the scale. These facilities also make it possible to actively fight against global warming by avoiding discharging CO2 into the atmosphere during its production and reusing it.

Today, Omega Air is proud to present its solutions integrated into CCUS systems and eventually, the possibility to develop its own complete CCUS systems, adapted to different applications.

How does Carbon Capture, Utilisation and Storage work? 

An example of wine application: Carbon capture during fermentation of wine



• Carbon Dioxide is formed as a by-product of alcoholic fermentation of must (grape juice for wine processing).

• Alcoholic fermentation is a biological process in which sugars are converted into energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), producing ethanol and carbon dioxide (CO2) as metabolic waste products.

• This process takes place under anaerobic conditions (absence of oxygen), and enzymes to catalyze the process produce yeast.

Once the fermentation is complete, the CO2 produced is usually released into the atmosphere, which represents a risk for human health (many accidents to be deplored each year) and for the environment (CO2 being a greenhouse gas). Instead, Omega Air proposes to capture, treat and liquefy this CO2, as the above simulation shows, in order for the owner of the installation to recover and add value to this gas by reusing it or selling it locally. Last but not least, Carbon Capture systems can also be transposed to other applications, whether you could still apply the Direct Capture (e.g. beer production) or you would need to install a separation unit (e.g. biogas plants).    

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